# Frequently Asked Questions¶

If you have a question, we suggest you post it at http://stackoverflow.com (try searching for the leon tag or the stainless tag) or contact one of the authors of this documentation.

Below we collect answers to some questions that came up.

## Proving properties of size¶

I have defined a size function on my algebraic data type.

```
sealed abstract class List
case class Cons(head: Int, tail: List) extends List
case object Nil extends List
def size(l: List) : Int = (l match {
case Nil => 0
case Cons(_, t) => 1 + size(t)
}) ensuring(_ >= 0)
```

Stainless neither proves nor gives a counterexample. Why?

**Answer:** You should consider using BigInt, which
denotes unbounded mathematical integers, instead of Int,
which denotes 32-bit integers. If you replace Int with
BigInt in the result type of size, the function should
verify. Note that algebraic data types can be arbitrarily
large, so, if the input list had the size Int.MaxValue + 1
(which is 2^32) then the addition 1 + size(t) would wrap
around and produce Int.MinValue (that is, -2^31), so the
ensuring clause would not hold.

## Compiling Stainless programs to bytecode¶

If you don’t use special constructs such as `choose`

or `forall`

, you
should be able to compile Stainless programs to .class using scalac and
execute them directly on the JVM, or integrate them as part as other
Scala-based projects.

Beware that you need to explicitly include files from the Stainless library (that are implicitly bundled when you use the ./stainless script):

```
$ mkdir out
$ scalac $(find path/to/stainless/frontends/library/ -name "*.scala" | xargs) MyFile.scala -d out
```